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What is actually done in root canal

Root canal treatment, often simply referred to as a ‘root canal,’ is a dental procedure that is shrouded in misconceptions. It’s commonly associated with pain and discomfort, which can lead to anxiety for many patients. However, understanding what is actually done during a root canal can demystify the process and alleviate much of this fear. This blog aims to provide an in-depth look into the root canal procedure, explaining each step to give you a clearer understanding of what it entails.

Why a Root Canal?

The need for a root canal treatment in Islamabad arises when the pulp of the tooth, which contains nerves and blood vessels, becomes infected or inflamed. This can be due to deep decay, cracks, chips, repeated dental procedures, or trauma to the tooth. Symptoms might include pain, sensitivity to hot or cold, swelling, and discoloration of the tooth.

Step-by-Step Breakdown of the Procedure

  1. Diagnosis and X-rays: The first step involves a thorough examination of the tooth. Your dentist will take X-rays to assess the extent of the damage and plan the treatment.

  2. Local Anesthesia: To ensure the patient’s comfort, local anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth and surrounding area, effectively alleviating pain during the procedure.

  3. Isolating the Tooth: A dental dam, a small protective sheet, is placed over the area to isolate the tooth and keep it clean and saliva-free during the procedure.

  4. Accessing the Pulp: The dentist drills a small access hole in the crown of the tooth to reach the pulp chamber.

  5. Removing Infected Pulp: Special instruments are used to remove the infected or inflamed pulp from the tooth. This includes cleaning out the canals of the tooth, where the pulp extends into the roots.

  6. Cleaning and Shaping the Canals: After removing the pulp, the canals are cleaned and shaped with tiny instruments to prepare them for the filling material. This step is crucial to ensure all bacteria are removed and prevent further infection.

  7. Filling the Canals: The cleaned canals are filled with a biocompatible material, usually a rubber-like substance called gutta-percha. This step is accompanied by an adhesive cement to seal the canals completely.

  8. Restoring the Tooth: After the root canal, the tooth is fragile and requires restoration. If a significant amount of tooth material was removed, a crown might be necessary to restore the tooth’s shape, functionality, and appearance.

  9. Aftercare: Post-procedure care is essential. This might include managing mild discomfort or soreness with over-the-counter pain relievers. Maintaining good oral hygiene and avoiding biting on hard foods with the treated tooth until fully restored is advised.

Duration and Sessions

The duration of a root canal procedure can vary depending on the complexity of the tooth and the extent of the infection. Typically, it can be completed in one or two visits.

Misconceptions about Pain

Modern techniques and anesthesia have made root canals much more comfortable. Most patients report that the procedure itself is no more painful than getting a filling, and the relief from pre-treatment toothache is significant.


A root canal is a highly effective procedure for saving a tooth that would otherwise need to be removed. Understanding the steps involved can help dispel myths and ease anxieties about the process. With today’s advanced techniques and anesthesia options, a root canal is typically a painless way to eliminate tooth pain and preserve your natural tooth. If you suspect you need a root canal, don’t hesitate to consult your dentist for a proper assessment and timely treatment.

For more information visit Dynamic Clinic PK

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