Types of Automation Testing
Automation is a cutting-edge technology that continues to astound humanity every day. It might pave the way for technology’s future and support the ongoing expansion of the range of its uses. But what is testing through automation? Here is the solution, though.
What Is Testing Automation?
With the aid of specialized testing tools and frameworks, automation testing is a technique used to test software products with the goal of minimizing mistake by reducing human intervention. The product’s quality is indirectly improved by this technique.
Automation software is used to conduct the testing. With this technique, a specific test script is produced, and the execution flow is tested using the test scripts.
The dependability and quality of the application are ensured by comparing the actual outputs with the anticipated results.
Automated testing makes it simpler to complete laborious and repeated jobs.
These activities are necessary for CI/CD pipelines.
Automation Testing Types
Three broad categories can be used to classify automation testing.
Testing automation based on testing types
Testing using automation based on the testing phases
Testing automation based on test types
Testing automation based on testing types
These can be of two types, depending on the testing types:
Functional testing evaluates each feature of the application and centers on the primary purpose of the product. Typically, it depends on what the customer needs. Functional testing verifies the activities taken by the software. There are two methods: automating it or performing it by hand. One example of this kind of testing is testing a website’s login feature.
2.Testing That Isn’t Functional
This kind of testing focuses on the behavior of the product and its capacity to confirm the non-functional characteristics, such as performance, reliability, usability, etc. Typically, it is client-focused or tailored to meet their needs. Non-functional testing is used to validate the software’s performance. This tiresome task can’t be completed manually. One of the instances is how long it takes for a website’s dashboard to load.
Testing using automation based on Testing Phase
Based on Testing Phase A: Unit Testing, automation testing
A unit is the smallest piece of the software. The success of the product depends on each component of the code functioning as intended since it provides a comprehensive picture of the code’s performance. Because smaller sections of code are tested at a time, the execution time is quicker here. In general, developers favor this form of testing.
B: Testing API
The Application Programming Interface (API) is the interface between the user interface and the database.
This kind of testing’s main objective is to examine the application’s whole functionality. The testers won’t be given access to the source code in this case, and there won’t be any keyboard inputs or outputs either. The testers note the system’s response to evaluate the functionality after forcing the software to send API calls to receive the result.
C: User Interface Testing
The testers in this case look for accuracy in the aspects that are visible. These components on the system’s interface include the text fields, labels, buttons, links, and graphics. The aforementioned elements must perform as intended and be appropriately displayed for a superior user experience.
The testing makes sure to verify the application’s usability in controlling the user’s actions when using input devices such a keyboard, mouse, etc. An intuitive and welcoming user interface (UI) and experience are what we aim to give.
Testing automation based on test types
A: Testing of smoke
Smoke testing, sometimes referred to as build verification testing, is carried out at the beginning of the application testing process. Every time a new feature or capability is introduced to the current structure, smoke testing serves as a checkpoint before moving onto the next testing level.
B: Integrity testing
I&T testing, string testing, and thread testing are a few of the several names for integration testing. The goal of this testing is to ensure proper communication between all of the application’s key elements. The software is divided into numerous little components that are appropriately arranged for integration testing. Then, while retaining interaction between these modules, they are tested as a group to expose the weaknesses.
C: Regression Analysis
If the functionality of the product is to be verified following specified structural changes, regression testing is used. Bug fixes, configuration modifications, and software improvements are some of the changes that can be made. Rerunning the application’s functional and non-functional tests helps achieve this.
D: Security Checks
The tester must steer clear of data breaches, financial losses, and reputational damage brought on by illegal access. Security testing is done to uncover the underlying risk threads in the software, preventing hostile infiltration and ending such instances completely.
The dangers also include numerous software program flaws, threats, viruses, etc. This type of testing enables you to identify all the security flaws and vulnerabilities in the system, which can be quickly fixed by implementing workable fixes.
The product needs to function quickly and smoothly even under conditions of high workload. Therefore, it is crucial to test the product before it is released to ensure that it is responsive, agile, quick, stable, reliable, and robust under particular workloads. Examining the response time of the browser and the time it takes the server to complete a request is a great illustration of performance testing.
Acceptance testing is the final stage of testing before the product or program is released. It is done to make sure that all of the client’s needs, company requirements, and customer needs are met. Finally, it assesses whether the product is ready to be delivered.
How to Choose the Best Test Automation Tool in Six Easy Steps
The effectiveness of a test automation process is primarily determined by the automation testing tool. When choosing an automation testing tool, the following factors should be borne in mind:
1. A Base for Support
Any automated testing solution must be compatible with a wide range of platforms in order to be selected. It would be necessary to have striking compatibility with operating systems like Windows, macOS, Unix, Linux, Mobile, etc. Numerous systems are supported by tools like Maveryx and Selenium. Some utilities do, however, run primarily on Windows. It is crucial to confirm that the automated testing solution supports cross-browser testing. Making a list of all the platforms that the tool may run on is also essential.
2. Suitable Programming and Scripting Language Support
Few programming languages are supported by the majority of automated testing solutions. It’s crucial to keep in mind your team’s comfort level with the programming language, as well as the necessary resources and support. It is necessary to examine the various scripting languages that the tools provide in order to write test scripts. In general, it is advised to select testing tools that permit flexibility in the language to be utilized.
It gives you the option to customize the test scripts to suit your needs. In the case of a script-less test automation tool, it becomes simpler to write the automation scripts without any laborious programming.
3.Maintenance and backup procedures
It is crucial to confirm the tool’s status with reference to updates and support. For the automation testing tool, adequate support from engaged user communities and developers should be ensured. As the project moves forward, the need for assistance or suggestions from these lively forums would become inevitable. In the event that there is no support community for the tool, the tool is redundant.
4.Simple to Use
The tool you choose should have ease of use as one of its key characteristics. Some software testing tools could seem simple to use in the beginning but be difficult to use in the latter stages. The test scripts’ creation and upkeep ultimately take a lot of time. As a general rule, testers, developers, and even people who are not programmers should choose a tool that is simple to use.
5.Upkeep of the script
Maintenance of Script One of the most important stages in test automation, test script maintenance may accurately reflect changes in AUT requirements. When working in an agile workplace, conditions are very dynamic and regularly alter. When changes are made, Maveryx and QTP are the tools that can assist in updating scripts.
6.Evidence of Concept
Testing the tool in certain circumstances is crucial before choosing the best automation testing tool. The most incredible tools on the market have a demo version that is available for a brief period of time.
Guidelines to follow:
1. Create many situations while keeping in mind the various objects and controls in the program. Choose your tools based on a comparison study.
2. Automate these scenarios using the chosen tool.
3. Analyze the outcomes after creation.
4. Examine how well the product integrates with other integration tools.
Unquestionably, the right BDD cucumber framework with selenium instrument is a very important consideration. It makes a significant contribution to a test automation project’s success. Before using the tool in a project, a thorough comparison and review of the desired characteristics is required. The project will ultimately benefit and have a far better chance of succeeding if the proper testing tool is used. – Automation Testing with Python